Interesting Facts About Electric Batteries

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AC Delco Batteries

A battery is an amazing piece of technology that is used by many of the devices that we regularly use. Therefore, our lives are connected and powered by them similar to the way they are connected in circuits. An electric battery can contain one or more electrochemical cells that generate power from the reactions between the battery cathode and anode, which is used to provide power to electrical devices through external connections. These devices can be flashlights, laptops, electric cars, or smartphones. These batteries provide electrical energy through chemical reactions rather than any mechanical motion as in an electrical generator.

The passage of electricity in a battery is done by the movement of electrons from one terminal to the other. This motion of electrons is called electricity in a circuit. The negative terminal, or the anode of the cell, is the source of electrons from where these particles travel to the positive terminal of the cell, known as the cathode. The electric device that needs to be powered up is connected between these two terminals. Batteries come in a number of shapes and sizes, and different devices can require different sorts of batteries with various amount of cells present.

This fascinating invention has several unheard but interesting facts that one should know.

1. The first battery was invented in 1798

Although the usage of batteries is found from the time of Benjamin Franklin, it was Alessandro Volta who built the first electrochemical battery in 1798. It was called the voltaic pile and could continuously provide an electric current to a circuit. His model was a stack of copper and zinc plates, separated by brine-soaked paper disks. Alessandro Volta thought at that time that it is an inexhaustible source of energy and the corrosion effects were an anomaly, rather than a part of the electrochemical reactions in the cell that was later showed by Michael Faraday in 1834.

2. Archaeologists suspect that batteries were present in ancient times

Although there is no certain proof of it, some archaeologists believe that batteries were in use from a much earlier age than it is generally recorded. In 1938, a discovery was made in Iraq of a 5-inch ceramic pottery jar that contained a tube of copper with a rod of iron. The general opinion was that the pot was used for storage purposes. Then, in 1938, he suggested that the people belonging to the age of these artifacts might have used them as a galvanic cell for electroplating gold onto silver objects. However, the origin and purpose of the object remain unclear as there is no evidence supporting any argument.

3. Three billion batteries are purchased by Americans every year

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) suggests that each year, Americans throw away more than three billion batteries. That’s about 180,000 tons of batteries. More than 86,000 tons of these are single-use alkaline batteries. If these dead alkaline batteries were to be lined up with one’s end meeting the other, it is believed that only one year of these thrown away batteries can circle the Earth at least six times. About 14,000 tons of rechargeable batteries are thrown away in the United States.

The high amount of wastage of alkaline batteries can sufficiently bring damage to the environment as the battery contains harmful materials and toxins, which can leak into the environment once it is crushed.

4. Ben Franklin was the first to use the term “battery” in electricity

In 1749, Benjamin Franklin first used the term “battery” to describe a set of linked capacitors or Leyden jars he used for his experiments with electricity. The jars were actually panels of glass coated with metal on each surface. These capacitors were charged with a static generator and discharged by touching metal to their electrode. When many of these capacitors would come together in a ‘battery’, it would give a bigger discharge. Originally having the generic meaning of “a group of two or more similar objects functioning together” like in an artillery battery, the term came to be used for voltaic piles and similar devices in which many electrochemical cells were connected together in the manner of Franklin’s capacitors.

5. The first rechargeable batteries came in 1859

The first rechargeable battery was a lead-acid battery, which was invented by Gaston Plante, and it could be recharged by passing a reverse current through it. Plante’s first model of the rechargeable consisted of two lead sheets separated by rubber strips and rolled into a spiral. In 1881, an improved version was invented by Camille Alphonse Faure with a lead grid lattice into which a paste of lead oxide was pressed. This model was easier for mass production of batteries and, compared to Plante’s designs, this was more convenient to use due to its lighter weight. Then, gradually, rechargeable batteries kept developing.

6. Eveready invented the flashlight

The famous brand for batteries and electrical equipment, Eveready Battery dates back to two centuries ago. It was a pioneer in the industry even then and Conrad Hubert, the founder of Eveready batteries, invented the first flashlight in 1898. It is also known as the electric hand torch. Moreover, Eveready was the first brand to introduce the D-size batteries for the first handheld flashlight.

7. The first miniature batteries were introduced in the 1950s

The first miniature batteries were not manufactured until the 1950s, which were also introduced by Eveready Battery in 1955. These batteries were designed for hearing aids. Later in 1956, Eveready produced the first 9-volt battery. This battery is commonly used in smoke detectors today. The most common use of miniature batteries is probably in wristwatches, which were developed and introduced in 1957 also by the Eveready Battery Company.

8. They have long lives even when expired

A battery is not a product that should be tossed away once it is past its expiry date, like milk and other products. The expiry dates simply indicate the time until the batteries will work at their best, but batteries have long lives even after that.

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What Is Jointer Used For and What to Look For When Buying It

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JointerThe primary jointers were long-bodied manually operated planes, which were intrinsically enough termed as jointer planes. Their aim was to soften a part of wood after cutting, guaranteeing that it was both level enough and soft enough for expending.

What Is Jointer Used For

  1. These manual forms of the jointer have long since been substituted by power jointers, which yet have a similar rudimentary purpose.
  2. Though, as power tools, they work contrarily than the original.
  3. Rather than holding one fixed blade, they have numerous blades, put on a rotating drum.
  4. While this cuts much quicker than the firstly manual plane, it isn’t as soft.
  5. The wavy look that is evident on the exterior of various commercially produced boards is an effect of being proceeded through a power jointer.
  6. Numerous woodworkers sense that they don’t want a plane today, as boards bought at the lumberyards have previously been flattened.
  7. Nonetheless, a jointer is even now a valuable tool, delivering the capability to thin boards as desired and complement their thickness.
  8. More than anything, jointers are utilized by those who produce furniture.
  9. When coating many boards together to create a tabletop or the top of a dresser, it’s not rare to have small alterations in the thicknesses of the boards.
  10. This difficulty upsurges intensely when the boards have landed from a diversity of dissimilar sources, as not all sawmills buff their boards precisely the same.
  11. WEN 4208 8-Inch 5 Speed Drill Press Review

What to Look For When Buying a Jointer

Jointers arrive in an assortment of sizes, typically evaluated by the width of cut they can create. The wider ones are also talked about as planers, though the two are basically a similar tool. The main dissimilarity is that a real planer doesn’t let objects to be edge cut on it, but only sawed on the flat. A jointer instead, permits the bits and pieces to be expurgated on the flat or edge cut. There are an extensive assortment of jointers on the market currently, displaying that they are still expended vastly, even if a ton of persons don’t possess them in their workshops.

  1. A pair of these jointers contains helical or spiral knives.
  2. This is a comparatively current design innovation, shaped to decrease the twistiness that power jointers normally create in the sides of boards.
  3. Although they have many more blades to establish, it is worth it, for the softer cut that they deliver.
  4. The other significant feature that certain jointers own and others don’t is parallelogram styles.
  5. This discusses the method that the bed of the jointer joins up with the middle part of the jointer’s body.
  6. By positioning the sliding ways at an angle, rendering the middle part of the jointer crafted like a parallelogram, it guarantees zero clearance amid the blades and the feed table.
  7. This decreases chatter, aiding to lessen the twistiness in the board.
  8. Lastly, power and size are significant deliberations.
  9. For the sake of this catalog we’ve strained to talk about planers that could be deliberated for a home workshop.
  10. We’ll have to utter, it was tough selecting the finest models to pick.
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How to Put the Electric Golf Cart on Charge

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Don't forget to charge your golf cart batteries overnight.

The utilization of electric golf carts has spread beyond the golf course to comprise home and industrial use. The lessened everyday operating cost and advantage to the environment have just served to create electric carts more prevalent. There are numerous models and alternatives to pick from, when you are buying an electric golf cart, but the unity across all is the desire to recharge the batteries in your cart.

Buy an Electric Golf Cart Battery Charger

Purchase an electric golf cart battery charger from your cart distributor or a local vendor, if your golf cart purchase did not arrive with one.

How to Get the Charging Running

Insert the battery charger plug into a wall socket or other similar power source. Then, add the charger plug into the golf cart’s charging vessel.

The Meaning of Red and Green Flash Light

Confirm the amperage readout on your battery charger. This must be read in the environs of 21 amps. If your charger houses visible lights, they will blaze red if the golf cart batteries need charging and green if their discharge level is not important.

Keep Your Eyes on the Battery

Keep your golf cart batteries plugged into the charger, till the charger switches off by itself. Modern charges are crafted to shut off automatically once your cart batteries are completely charged. If you do not let the charger to completely charge your cart’s batteries, it can cause unstable batteries that would have to be changed sooner than typical.                   

Talking About the Equalization Mode

Remove sulfating and stratification in your golf cart’s batteries by carrying out equalization charge every month. To perform this, you pick the equalization mode on your battery charger before attaching to your golf cart.

Precautionary Rules to Bear in Mind

  1. At all times, put on safety gloves, clothing and goggles when operating with electrolyte, batteries and charging your battery.                       
  2. Batteries must be sensibly examined on a habitual basis, in case to discover and remedy potential hitches before they can do damage.
  3. It is a good notion to begin this routine when the batteries are first obtained. 

How to Inspect the Batteries

  1. Observe the outward appearance of the battery.
  2. Examine for fissures in the container.

The surface of the battery, connections and posts must be clean, free of fluids, corrosion and dirt.

If batteries are not clean, have a look at the cleaning section of the manual for correct cleaning process.

Mend or swap any injured batteries.

Any liquids on or around the battery might signal that electrolyte is leaching, leaking or spilling out.

Leaking batteries must be changed quickly.

Inspect all battery cables and their connections.

Look keenly for damaged or loose bits.

Battery cables must be in place, frayed or broken cables can be very dangerous.

Swap any cable that appears suspicious.

Tauten, all wiring connections to the correct specification.

Make sure there is decent contact with the terminals.

Do not excessively tauten, terminals.

By doing so, you can cause post breakage, fire or post meltdown. 

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Charging, Using and Preserving Battery Tips

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Hi, everyone. Do you remember me? I am Joseph Smith. In the modern life, besides directly using electric energy, we always need some packs to store electric. It is called the battery.  

The battery is energy storage pack in the form of voltage direct current (DC) – contains power. At present, there are many types of battery with a variety of quality, features and price. It can include Lead Acid, Sealed, dry graphite, cadmium, nickel, lithium and so on…With each battery of each brand  has strict rules about the use, storage and charging. When purchasing, you must have the full understanding and knowledge of the selected battery.

On the market, we should choose the best batteries with high quality to buy. Remember that you should avoid buying batteries of low quality. Although it’s price is cheaper but it is quickly damaged and causes other problems in the using process, so in the final, you actually have to pay the high costs.

And many people confuse that why does your battery quickly become out of use? The reasons can be in your using process.

In this Charging, Using and Preserving Battery Tips, I want to share you some helpful tips to help you charge, use and preserve your battery to keep it more durable.

battery

Charge Mode (Charging)

Select appropriate electric power

The selection of the appropriate electric power line for the battery charger is a particularly important factor. This can ensure that your battery not only is durable but also has really filled.

If you choose a small charger line (compared with capacity), the battery will fully charge slowlier. However, the smaller the electric power is, the more durable full indeed the battery is.

Conversely, if you select the charge current that is too large (compared with the capacity), the batteries will be quickly filled, but will quickly become corrupt and the full phenomenon is usually fake. It can even explode while charging too strong.

Time for charge

Normally, the standard load flow should be stable from 1/10 to 1/5 battery capacity (except some special batteries enabling faster loading according to technical documentation attached). The standard time to recharge a battery usually 8-12 hours.

When the battery is fully charged, you need to interrupt or switch to maintain load in a subsequent period (Floating charge) in order to make the battery really full (this feature in the simple batteries is usually not available).

Especially, with some of the batteries, the temperature should be closely supervised during the charging process.

Using battery

  • Do not let the battery at temperatures that are too high to avoid overheating
  • Take batteries in a cool place where is solid enough.
  • Avoid short circuit of the battery as well as fall the electrically conductive material to connect 2 poles of battery
  • Do not leave batteries near the place where contains are corrosive chemicals.
  • Do not leave battery near sharp objects, do not crush or take furniture in the battery.

Note: The maximum discharge of the battery is not greater than 3 times the capacity of the battery and the operating time in this mode is not more than 3 minutes continuously.

for-forklift

Preserving battery

  • Check for cracks in the battery cover. (Especially the area around the pile jar, this place can stand in large pressure when removing or attaching cables jar). You should replace it if it has any cracks.
  • Check the connective cable. Replace the cable if necessary.
  • Cleaning the jar’s pile. Check the jar deposit to make sure the cable and it is not loose (when cleaning, you should pay attention to make the poles not touch to each other.
  • Regularly check the level of liquid in the bottle. You have to ensure the level and the concentration of water follow the guidance of the battery manufacturer.
  • For Sealed batteries, the air will be examined through the directive eyes. Light blue shows that the jar is good and full. Red shows that it is weak.
  • The temperature environment greatly affects to battery life (especially when releasing and loading). The lower the temperature is, the higher the life expectancy of the battery is. The ideal level is 0 ~ 25 ° C. The highest temperature mustn’t exceed 600C.

Charging, Using and Preserving Battery Tips Conclusion

There are many ways you can apply to charge, use and protect your battery but those are the best tips that I often used with my battery and it makes me really satisfied. I hope that Charging, Using and Preserving Battery Tips is useful for you. Thank you for attention.

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Only the Best Will Suffice For Pen-Making

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You need drill presses either for carrying out your various hobbies like jewelry making, wood working, pen making and lots of other stuff or a drill press is also essential for setting up a professional drilling related business. Whatever the case, I will talk about a pen-making drill press that helps you create the pen of your dreams, either do it at work or at your house. You can easily follow the steps and develop a wonderful pen with my suggestions. Before determining the perfect pen-making drill press, make sure to consider these specifications.

  • Speed
  • Power
  • Throat Depth
  • Attachments
  • Adjustments
  • Working space

EuroTool (DRL-300.00) Bench

EuroTool-drill-press

The brand EuroTool is notorious for its expert production of excellent drill press machines. This product from EuroTool is nothing poor either. It is small, compact, durable and just reasonable to carry out your nifty projects. This tool features range from 3 settings of speed vacillating from 0 to 8500 rotations/min. The base of this drill can be called as 5 inch with the measurement of 6.75 x 6.75. When the drill is amassed together, it gives off the total height as 15 inch. The motor runs at 110 V and delivers power of approx. 100 W. The chuck operates at about 6.5mm. EuroTool products are highly trusted and bought from a worldwide perspective. They aim for excellence, quality, durability, affordability and usefulness. Now, it’s your choice for what you choose from.

Product Features

  • Weight 12.2 pounds
  • Product Dimensions 10 x 12 x 8 inches
  • Power Source corded-electric
  • Voltage 110 volts
  • Wattage 100.00
  • Number Of Pieces 9
  • One replacement belt included

Advantages

  • It demands less effort than a hand drill
  • Lever working makes the machine operator more efficient
  • You always get same precision
  • Perfect for accomplishing your hobbies like pen making
  • Inexpensive
  • Portable
  • The chuck holds the drill nicely without any misalignment
  • The gear ration changing is completely an easy and laid-back affair
  • Solid and sturdy
  • Hassle-free and easy to set up
  • Speed adjustments work great

Disadvantages

  • Functions just fine, nothing extra ordinary
  • The packaging comes as being extremely oily and greasy
  • You need to remove the sliminess before using the product
  • The plunge lever runs rather coarsely
  • The manual is not really helping
  • Don’t keep much high hopes with this one
  • The variable speed knobs are just useless

Decision

After browsing through many customer reviews and comparisons, the only thing that comes to mind is that you need to get this little dude. It may have its faults too but something this worthwhile in such a small amount of money isn’t available anywhere else. EuroTool is a proven brand and always brings out cute little innovations. This drill press may not come valuable in industrial uses but it certainly fulfills your jewelry and particularly pen-making hobbies. According to my discoveries, I scrolled through many sites but nothing good came up as this one. It is compact, swift, workable and easy to function. Say bye to your wee bit worries with this pal.

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How to stop planning and controlling

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On how to release the need for things to be a certain way in order to be happy. How to stop planning and controlling.

If you won a “Go to work with Oprah for the day ” sweepstakes would you care at all what you did, where you ate, and what car you took on that day or would you just be so amped that you’re hanging with Oprah that none of what happened or how, would matter to you?
How about God? If you got to ride shotgun with the Creator for a day would you dare complain about anything!? Would you be so in awe at the situation that you’d have no preference at all… Just glowing at how cool each moment was no matter how simple?

Why then do we have such a hard time letting go of our preferences and needing things to be a certain way on our normal day to day?

If we would have no problem going with the flo and being happy just because in one situation why not the other…
or all?

What’s going to really bake your noodle is realizing that you aren’t riding shotgun with God, your ego and belief system is, and You (along with everyone and everything else in this world) is God.

So then the question becomes:
If You as God were cruising around to check in on how your creation is interacting evolving etc. how would you see your world? Are you seeing it like God would? Amazed … Chuckling and smiling at how epically all the variations of free will are manifesting ? Knowing full well that everything is in good hands and everything no matter how funky looking to others is going as planned?

Tonight while I meditated on my need to have things go a certain way for me to be happy, I was given this nugget.
I am grateful for it and know that it will help peel back a little more of an old identity of beliefs and reactions. I might report back on my own application of this visual….

I love you.
We are One.

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How to survive a long distance relationship

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Ugh. Reminds me of the days when I used to read Thought Catalog. *rant alert* This article has some interesting points but in my interpretation, I think it makes a lot of generalisations.

First of all, assuming that everyone thinks long distance relationships are the worst and that they suck. Yes, it’s challenging at times but this attitude adds to the discourse that short distance relationships are more normal and legitimate relationships. This is why whenever I tell some people that I am in a long distance relationship, I am met with a look of pity. Newsflash: my current situation is not a sad one and my relationship is as legitimate as yours.

Moreover, according to this article, apparently I don’t know my boyfriend that well because we have distance between us. I disagree. Did it ever occur to the writer that some couples have spent some/a lot of time together before they became a long distance couple? Just because we now have to communicate over Skype, doesn’t mean we put on this curated “front stage self” and only know each other on a superficial level. What about communication? My bf and I spend a lot of time on Skype talking about what we did today, what we will do tomorrow, and an array of topics such as ourselves, our plans, social issues, funny stuff, life stories, movies that we’ve watched, current skincare routines (:P), etc. As if we don’t know each other well after talking about all of that!

Okay, I’ll cut the writer some slack for putting forward points like be slow to judge and always have a future plan in mind. But I had to point out what was problematic in this article because I think we need to change the discourse towards long distance relationships. Quite frankly, I am tired of certain people assuming things about my relationship and some parts of this article reinforced that discourse.

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TECH TIP: Off Season Battery Storage

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Whether you’re running a 12v or 16v battery, off season maintenance is critical for proper performance and life expectancy. AGM or absorbed glass mat batteries are sealed, high performance lead acid batteries. This style of construction provides many advantages over traditional flooded lead acid batteries. Faster recharge times, higher discharge rates, higher resting voltages, more vibration resistant, sealed case design (multiple mounting options) and a low self-discharge rate are just a few. For these reasons, AGM batteries are an obvious choice in any racing environment. However, for a long life, they must be maintained correctly. This means using the correct charger for your specific battery model, keeping the battery charged when not in use to prevent sulfation and running the correct alternator for your application (if equipped).

All battery chargers are not created equal. Conventional lead acid battery chargers use a different profile as well as a higher overall voltage when compared to AGM approved models. AGM batteries are sealed, which tends to make them more sensitive to charge voltage and proper charge current. If they are overcharged (over 2.4v per cell), electrolytes will be released from the safety valves, which cannot be replaced. After several improper charge cycles the battery will dry up and poor performance will be experienced. Under extreme conditions the battery itself can swell from the increased internal pressure, often times combined with high battery and/or ambient temperatures.

XS Power 12v AGM batteries have to be kept over 12.6v when not in use, or 16.6v for 16v models. This generally means charging your battery with an AGM charger every 4-6 weeks when not in use. Another option is to leave the battery on an AGM battery maintainer (see XS Power part # HF1615, 1005). If left at a low state of charge, a chemical reaction can occur inside the battery. This reaction is called sulfation. Sulfate crystals will begin to form on the negative plates within the battery, leading to higher internal resistance, loss of cranking power and capacity. Once significant sulfation has occurred there is little that can be done to reverse the effect. If the sulfation is not yet severe, de-sulfation charging modes can restore battery function.

Most OEM and aftermarket alternators will correctly charge AGM batteries as long as they are large enough for the application and charging at the correct voltage. All previously discussed maximum charge voltage’s will still need to be met; maximum of 14.4v on a 12v, 16.8v on a 14v, or 19.2v on a 16v. We generally recommend running an alternator that will safely maintain charging voltage even at engine idle speed with all electrical devices running. Many manufacturers’ rate in maximum amperage, which often times do not provide the customer with realistic output or correct charge at idle. Making sure you have enough alternator power at all times will prevent the racer from relying on battery capacity to continue the vehicles operation. If your vehicle is total loss (runs no alternator) it is important to select a properly sized battery. It’s always a tradeoff; more weight means more capacity, less weight means less capacity. The most important rating for customers’ running total loss is the “RC” rating. This is the number of minutes a battery can maintain a 25 amp constant discharge until it is 100% discharged (10.5v on a 12v). Generally speaking, 25 amps should roughly reflect most circle track/asphalt vehicles running ignition, lights and helmet fan. With most racing applications we size 12v batteries to maintain over 11.5 volts (15.3v for 16v) even in a total loss situation.

Following these guidelines are key to a long and powerful .

Read More: http://batterycharts.com/
Courtesy of http://www.daymotorsports.com/
https://web.facebook.com/DayMotorsports

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